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The role and significance of international shipping

Jime

1. International shipping is the main mode of international trade and transportation

Although international shipping has the disadvantages of slow speed and high risk, it has become the main mode of transportation in international trade because of its advantages of large volume, large volume, low freight and strong adaptability of goods, as well as the unique geographical conditions in the world. 80%~90% of China's total import and export freight is carried out by the sea. Due to the rise and development of container transportation, not only freight toward the integration and rationalization of the direction of development, and save packaging materials and freight and incidental expenses, reduce the loss and difference of goods, thus ensuring the quality of transportation, shorten the transportation time, reduce the transportation cost.

 

2. International shipping is one of the important channels for countries to save foreign exchange payments and increase foreign exchange income

In Our country, the freight expenditure generally accounts for about 10% of the total amount of foreign trade imports and exports, especially the freight of bulk goods accounted for a larger proportion. If we make full use of international trade terms in our trade and win more ships from our side, we can not only save foreign exchange payments but also strive for more foreign exchange income. In particular, we should put our country's capacity into the international shipping market and actively carry out third-country transportation to create foreign exchange income for our country. At present, all countries in the world, especially the coastal developing countries, attach great importance to the establishment of their own ocean-going fleet and the development of international shipping. In some shipping developed countries, foreign exchange freight income has become an important pillar of the national economy of these countries.

 

3.Developing maritime transport is beneficial to improving China's industrial structure and export structure of international trade

Maritime transport is achieved through the practice of maritime activities, which are based on shipbuilding, maritime technology and skilled seafarers. The shipbuilding industry is a comprehensive industry, its development can promote the development of iron and steel industry, shipbuilding equipment industry and electronic instrument industry, promoting the improvement of the national industrial structure. In recent years, China has gradually changed from a ship importing country to a ship exporting country and is becoming a ship exporting country. Due to the continuous development of China's navigation technology, seafarer overseas labor service has attracted the attention of the world. With the development of maritime transport, China's ocean-going fleet has entered the world's top ten, which provides conditions for the future large-scale ship dismantling industry. It not only provides cheap raw materials, saves energy, imports ore consumption, but also exports scrap steel for export. Therefore, due to the development of the maritime industry, not only the national industrial structure can be improved, but also the commodity structure in international trade can be improved.

 

4. Maritime transport fleet is an important reserve force for national defense

The sea transport fleet had been used as a means of logistics during the war. The United States and Britain called the merchant fleet "the fourth service besides land, sea and air", and the merchant fleet of the former Soviet Union was also called the "shadow fleet" by western countries. So it played a role in winning the war. Because shipping occupies such an important position, countries all over the world attach great importance to shipping, protecting it through legislation, giving financial support and subsidies, and granting preferential treatment in the transportation of goods.

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